Fitness Levels, Healthy Weight May Be Independently Linked To Reduced Heart Risks
A new study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, maintaining fitness levels, as well as maintaining a healthy weight, may both be independently linked to a reduced risk of developing certain heart risk factors. Investigators followed more than 3,100 individuals. The researchers found that "individuals who maintained or improved their fitness levels had a 26% and 28% lower risk of developing hypertension, a 42% and 52% lower risk of developing metabolic syndrome, and a 26% and 30% lower risk of developing elevated levels of LDL cholesterol, respectively." The investigators also found that, "for those subjects who got fatter in follow-up, as measured by percentage of body fat, they had a 26%, 71%, and 48% higher risk of developing hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and hypercholesterolemia, respectively, when compared with individuals who lost weight."
J Am Coll Cardiol, 2012; 59:665-672